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Spot Dx

What is the most likely diagnosis?
  • Measles
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    • Measles
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    Study Topic Ideas

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    For investigations, consider the indications for ordering the test and the key findings for common or critical conditions.
    In addition to managing the key diagnoses related to each of the presenting problems above, here are some examples of key management issues to think about.
    • Antibiotic overuse edit
    • Anticoagulation for VTE edit
    • Asthma cycle of care edit
    • COPD-X principles edit
    • Evidence for antivirals and flu edit
    • Fitness to dive edit
    • Fitness to fly edit
    • Home Oxygen edit
    • Inhaler technique edit
    • Nasal spray technique edit
    • Pneumococcal vaccination edit
    • Smoking cessation edit
    For each diagnosis that arises from your differentials, you can then consider the key signs, investigations and management. This list is by no means exhaustive, but here are a few assorted diagnoses to consider.
    • Acute pulmonary oedema edit
    • Acute sinusitis edit
    • Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency edit
    • Asbestosis edit
    • Aspergillosis edit
    • Aspiration pneumonia edit
    • Asthma edit
    • Atypical pneumonia edit
    • Bronchiectasis edit
    • Bronchiolitis edit
    • Chronic sinusitis edit
    • COPD edit
    • Costochondritis edit
    • Croup edit
    • Cystic fibrosis edit
    • Decompression sickness edit
    • Diabetic ketoacidosis edit
    • Epiglottitis edit
    • Extrinsic allergic alveolitis edit
    • Goodpasture syndrome edit
    • Inhaled foreign body edit
    • Intercostal muscle strain edit
    • Interstitial lung disease edit
    • Laryngomalacia edit
    • Legionnaire disease edit
    • LRTI edit
    • Lung abscess edit
    • Lung Cancer edit
    • Lung cancer screening edit
    • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis edit
    • Measles edit
    • Mesothelioma edit
    • Mycoplasma pneumonia edit
    • Obstructive Sleep Apnoea edit
    • Occupational lung disease edit
    • Pertussis edit
    • Pleural effusion edit
    • Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia edit
    • Pneumothorax edit
    • Psittacosis edit
    • Pulmonary embolism edit
    • Pulmonary fibrosis edit
    • Rib fracture edit
    • Sarcoidosis edit
    • Subglottic stenosis edit
    • Tuberculosis edit
    • URTI edit
    • Viral wheeze edit
    • Wegener granulomatosis edit
    Foundation topics like anatomy, physiology and embryology are not the main focus of GP fellowship exams. The following are examples of topics that may be useful for quizzing any medical students you are supervising:
    • A-a gradient edit
    • Breathing control edit
    • Chemoreceptors edit
    • Cough reflex edit
    • Diving and altitude physiology edit
    • Gas exchange in the lungs edit
    • Larynx anatomy edit
    • Lung development edit
    • Muscles of ventilation edit
    • Normal spirogram edit
    • Nose anatomy edit
    • Pharynx anatomy edit
    • Surfactant edit
    • Thoracic cavity anatomy edit
    • Trachea and lung anatomy edit
    • V/Q mismatch edit
    Medical students may be more focused on learning basic definitions, aetiology and pathophysiology of specific diagnoses, but registrars need to focus more on clinical problem solving. For each common presenting problem, consider what would be the red flag features, the most common differentials, as well as the most dangerous and most often missed (see Murtagh for more information on this model). For each diagnosis that arises from your differentials, you can then consider the key signs, investigations and management.
    Medicine is nebulous with many conditions that arise infrequently in General Practice. These topics are not the main focus of college exams but nonetheless might occasionally appear - just as they can appear in your consultation room on a Friday afternoon. Other topics are so controversial that they are very difficult to examine. Here are some examples of topics that should not be the main focus of your study.
    • Lung cancer screening edit
    • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis edit
    • Pneumothorax edit

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